With the achievement of independence after World War II, about 12 African countries adopted the use of green yellow red colors of their flags which was later known as the Pan-African movement and PAIGC colors.
Other countries that also use the same color are the Republic of Lithuania located in the Baltic region of Europe and Bolivia in central south America.
List of countries with green yellow red flag
Republic of Benin
Sao Tome and Príncipe
The Ethiopia flag:
The current flag of Ethiopia is the basis for Pan African color, designed by Abebe alambo was adopted on 06 February 1996. It features three horizontal bands, each of a different color horizontal tricolor of green, yellow and red with the National Emblem superimposed at the center. It was the old flag that features an addition of the Lion of Judah holding a staff with a Christian cross on the end and the tricolor as a banner.
The new emblem is intended to represent both the diversity and unity of the country. The red color is for power and faith; the yellow for church, peace, natural wealth and love; green stands for land and hope; the star is said to represent diversity and unity, and the sun’s rays symbolize prosperity.
The Malian national flag is a tricolor with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist, the colors are green, gold, and red, the pan-African colors. The flag of Mali is almost identical to the flag of Guinea, with the exception that the colors are in reverse order.
The green is a symbol of the nation’s fertile lands. Yellow represents purity and the mineral wealth of Mali.
The flag of Senegal (French: le Drapeau du Sénégal) is a tricolor consisting of three vertical green, yellow and red bands charged with a five-pointed green star at the center. Adopted in 1960, it has been the flag of the Republic of Senegal since the country gained independence that year.
Green is regarded as the color of the Prophet, The yellow color of the flag is believed to symbolize wealth, The red color in Senegal’s flag represents the sacrifice and the color of life. The colors also represent the three political parties that merged to form the Senegalese Progressive Union.
The flag of Lithuania consists of a horizontal tricolor of yellow, green, and red. It was adopted on 25 April 1918 during Lithuania’s first period of independence from 1918 to 1940, which ceased with the occupation first by Soviet Russia and Lithuania’s annexation into the Soviet Union, and then by Nazi Germany.
The flag was reprised after it gained independence in 1991. Yellow is symbolic of the country’s wheat fields; green symbolic of the forests and red symbolizes patriotism. Collectively the colors represent hope for the future, freedom from oppression, and the incredible courage of the Lithuanian people.
The national flag of the Republic of Benin consists of two horizontal yellow and red bands on the fly side and a green vertical band at the hoist. Adopted in 1959 to replace the French Tricolor, it was the flag of the Republic of Dahomey until 1975, when the People’s Republic of Benin was established.
The colors are designed to represent the natural beauty of the country, including the Savannah to the north and the palm groves located to the south. The flag also symbolizes the bloodshed by those who fought for the nation. The colors are also a tribute to the Pan- Africa NIST movement and are used by other African nations as a sign of unity.
The flag of Togo was officially adopted on April 27, 1960. It has five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow. There is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner.
The red of that field is said to represent the bloodshed by countrymen during the internal struggle for independence. Green is symbolic of the country’s agricultural wealth, while yellow is symbolic of mineral wealth. the five horizontal stripes represent the five regions of Togo.
The national flag of Guinea was adopted on November 10, 1958. The flag features the Pan African colors of red, yellow and green. Red symbolizes the struggle for independence, yellow represents the sun and the riches of the land, while green is symbolic of the country’s vegetation.
The national flag of Cameroon was adopted in its present form on 3 September 1990 after Cameroon became a unitary state. It is a vertical tricolor of green, red and yellow, with a five-pointed star in its center. Cameroon was the second nation to use Pan-African colors in its flag. Cameroon’s flag is similar to other African countries’ flags including Guinea, Mali, and Senegal. The yellow star on this flag varies in size but is always located in the center of the red stripe.
The color red stands for unity, yellow represents the sun and the savannas located in the northern part of Cameroon, and the green is symbolic of the forests located to the south. There is also a yellow star featured in the center of the flag.
The national flag of Ghana was designed by Theodosia Okoh and adopted in 1957, it was flown until 1962 and then reinstated in 1966. It consists of the Pan-African colors of red, gold(yellow), and green, in horizontal stripes, with a black five-pointed star in the center of the gold stripe.
Red is symbolic of the nation’s fight for independence, the yellow gold is a symbol of the country’s mineral wealth, and the green is a symbol of the country’s natural wealth. The fourth color is black, which represents emancipation, and is used as the color for the star in the center of the flag.
The national flag of Guinea-Bissau was adopted in 1973 when independence from Portugal was proclaimed. It consists of three stripes where two of them are horizontal and one is vertical. Horizontal stripes have yellow and green colors, whereas the vertical one in the left part of the flag is red and it carries a black five-pointed star.
The flag’s black star is symbolic of African unity, yellow stands for the sun, green is hope, and red represents the bloodshed during the long struggle for independence from Portugal.
Burkina Faso flag
The national flag of Burkina Faso is formed by two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green, with a yellow five-pointed star resting in the center. It was adopted on 4 August 1984.
There are two horizontal bands making up the background of the flag. The top band is red and represents the revolution of the nation. The green band below is symbolic of the nation’s natural wealth and agriculture. The star in the center of the flag is yellow and is meant to represent the guiding light of the revolution.
The national flag of the Republic of the Congo consists of a yellow diagonal band divided diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner, with a green upper triangle and red lower triangle. The flag was adopted for the first time in 1958 when the so-called Middle Congo gained independence from France and an autonomous republic was created.
Each color symbolizes a geographical or historical aspect of the Republic of Congo. The yellow band represents friendship and the nobility of the Congolese people while the green band represents the agriculture and rich forests of Congo. The red color is associated with blood to symbolize the struggle of independence.
The national flag of Bolivia was originally adopted in 1851. The state flag and ensign (and war flag) is a horizontal tricolor of red, yellow and green with the Bolivian coat of arms in the center. Red symbolizes the brave soldiers of Bolivia, green for fertility, and yellow as the nation’s mineral deposits.
Sao Tome and Príncipe flag
The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe consists of a red triangle situated at the hoist, with three horizontal green, yellow and green bands charged with two five-pointed black stars at the center. Officially adopted on November 5, 1975, shortly after gaining its independence from Portugal.
The red triangle symbolizes that hard-fought struggle for independence and the two black stars represent the country’s two main islands. The green, yellow and black are the Pan-African colors.